What is fractional photothermolysis and what is the effect of the procedure?

Beautiful ladies from all over the world want to stay young and thrive as long as possible. Nowadays, there are many different cosmetic, medical and even surgical methods that help women in their desires. Fractional photothermolysis is one of the most progressive today. Thanks to this technique, not only can you temporarily reduce or mask many skin imperfections, but also eliminate them completely.

What is fractional photothermolysis

Fractional photothermolysis (Fraxel) is a laser technology for skin rejuvenation.

The essence of the technique consists in exposing the skin to a special laser beam. Before reaching the epidermis, it divides into thousands of microbes with a diameter of 0. 1 - 0. 4 mm, with a penetration depth of up to 0. 5 mm. These rays cause targeted burns caused by high temperatures. Damages of this type look like pits or wells; in medicine, they are called "microscopic healing areas" of MLZ. As a result, cells experience heat stroke, destruction of the oldest of them occurs, as well as weakened fibroblasts and keratinocytes. Thus, in 1 procedure, up to 15-20% of the cells are destroyed.

partial laser skin rejuvenation

But do not be afraid of such an aggressive effect, in response to destruction, new healthy cells begin to develop and actively divide, connective tissue is strengthened due to increased formation of collagen and elastin. As a result, new and smooth skin is formed at the site of the burn, pleasing to the eye.

Since the technique is associated with significant damage, it is done only in serious cosmetology clinics under the guidance of qualified specialists.

The laser procedure is divided into 2 types: selective and non-ablative photothermolysis.

Selective photothermolysis - what is it?

This method is also called ablative. Laser ablation is the evaporation of a substance using limited exposure to a light source. When choosing this method, the doctor uses a type of beam that is absorbed by water molecules, which are abundant in the dermis.

During a short exposure to the required area, the beam heats the water up to 300 degrees, it actively evaporates and forms MLZ, surrounded by coagulated cells.

It should be noted that after selective photothermolysis, the lesions are wider and the healing of the skin is much slower than with a milder - non-ablative. However, the results of choosing such an aggressive technique will be clearer, and the lifting effect will be many times better.

Non-ablative fractional photothermolysis

This method is not so traumatic and acts selectively on the deeper layers of the skin without damaging the epidermis itself. Thanks to this method, evaporation does not occur, and therefore there is no open wound surface in the form of a well. The burn is formed directly under the epidermis, where its subsequent healing takes place later.

partial laser rejuvenation procedure

The non-ablative photothermolysis technique is suitable for light changes or for the rejuvenation of delicate areas such as the eyelids, neck and under the eyes.

What should you expect from the procedure?

Due to the division of the beam into many small fractions, the damaged areas on all sides are surrounded by healthy intact tissue, as a result of which there is an active and rapid regeneration.

After the end of the rehabilitation period, the skin whitens, acquires a healthy color, its surface softens, wrinkles and creases disappear, a pronounced lifting effect appears.

Already after the first procedure, there are clear positive results, however, to achieve maximum effects, it is worth completing the entire course, which usually consists of 5-6 sessions for non-ablative photothermolysis and 2-3 for selective photothermolysis.

Indications for photothermolysis

The procedure is actively used by specialists around the world to eliminate many aesthetic problems, such as:

  1. Skin irregularities, cicatricial changes, keratosis.
  2. Striae, involved in the mammary glands.
  3. Enlarged pores, after acne, vitiligo, hyperpigmentation, spider veins, rosacea.
  4. Photography, numbness, wrinkles of any depth and localization.

In fact, the procedure can be performed at any age, starting at the age of 15 years.

The main advantages of choosing this method of photo refresh:

  1. The ability to act on any area of the face and body, including the area around the eyes and eyelids, where the skin is most delicate and capricious.
  2. Complete pain, as the procedure is performed only after preliminary anesthesia in the form of cream applications.
  3. A relatively short recovery period, which can last up to 10 days.
  4. Ability to use it on dark and dark skin.
  5. Good duration of the result - from one year to several years.

A fairly high risk of infection can be attributed to a major minus, as a wound surface forms when exposed to a laser. Also, at present, all the possible effects of a partial laser on the human body have not been fully studied, as the technique is quite new.


Fraxel cannot be made when:

  • neoplasms of any localization;
  • tendency to form keloid scars;
  • deterioration of chronic processes in the body;
  • oncological processes;
  • the presence of a convulsive syndrome;
  • inflammatory processes in the target area;
  • blood clotting disorder;
  • recently made deep skin or other mechanical damage to the skin until they are completely healed;
  • period of pregnancy and lactation;
  • when taking anticoagulants less than a week before the scheduled procedure;

These are just some of the goal setting shareware that you can use. Other items can be added to the list on an individual basis. Fraxel is always prescribed only after a thorough examination by a specialist, taking a medical history and, if necessary, passing additional laboratory tests.

beautiful facial skin after laser rejuvenation

Complications after fractional photothermolysis are extremely rare and occur in only 3% of cases. This includes:

  • infection;
  • scars;
  • miliume;
  • inflammatory process.

In addition to the above negative effects, itching, numbness, redness and decreased sensitivity may occur after the session. These phenomena are considered as a completely individual skin reaction to re-epitaxylasia and soon disappear completely.

Fractional photothermolysis in the area around the eyes

Fresh skin under the eyes, without wrinkles, bruises and bags, is one of the main criteria for youth. Fortunately, with the help of laser skin, you can delay getting acquainted with surgical methods for a long time.

Benefits of choosing laser rejuvenation for the eye area:

  1. Modern equipment is distinguished by exceptional accuracy and allows you to clearly influence the desired depth, customizable in each case.
  2. With the help of thermolifting, only partial destruction of the dermis is performed, which makes it possible to increase the required depth of exposure, shorten the rehabilitation period and increase active regeneration.

Thus, Fraxel will help you get rid of:

  1. Goose legs.
  2. Bruise under the eyes.
  3. Sacks and edema of the lower eyelids.
  4. Overload of the upper eyelids.
  5. "Failures" with a pronounced lacrimal habit.

Since the skin of the eyelids is very thin, after the procedure there will be pronounced redness in the affected area. This manifestation is considered a normal reaction of healthy skin to aggressive laser exposure. Usually the redness effect goes away after 2-3 days, but in some cases it can last up to 10 days. Also, in rare cases, bruising may occur, which may not go away for up to 2 weeks. Do not be afraid if after a few days the skin is not recovered, you can safely use the foundation to hide temporary aesthetic imperfections. When the negative effects are completely gone, the reflection in the mirror will surely please you with beautiful, toned, straight and clean skin.

Is it possible to do fractional photothermolysis during the summer

Many are interested in whether seasonality plays a role in choosing this method and whether it is possible to become Fraxel in the summer. Expert opinions differ, however, many are still inclined to believe that there are no restrictions on using the procedure in the warm season.

laser fraction facial skin rejuvenation

In essence, contraindications to the use of many modern cosmetology methods associated with epidermal damage are associated with an increased risk of hyperpigmentation, especially in patients with dark skin color. In contrast, people with fair skin have a very low risk of sun-induced pigmentation. According to doctors, the risks of getting unsightly spots after laser rejuvenation are the same as sunburn after overactive tanning. In summer, you should avoid exposure to direct sunlight, do not sunbathe or visit a solarium.

Rehabilitation after the procedure

Immediately after the session, the skin, of course, does not look fresh and smooth. Redness, swelling, peeling are temporary concerns on the way to beauty. Fortunately, all the unpleasant changes are reversible and leave the skin after a short period of time.

There are some rules that are recommended to follow after the procedure:

  1. If a crust appears, do not remove it, it protects the wound surface from dirt and infections and should fall off on its own.
  2. Exfoliation, massages, facial cleansing and other cosmetic procedures involving mechanical damage should be abandoned for the duration of the healing.
  3. The face should be protected from ultraviolet radiation.
  4. To speed up the regeneration process, you can apply healing creams on your face.
  5. To help dehydrated skin, it is recommended to use skin care cosmetics with hyaluronic acid.